National Museum of Mongolia
The National Museum of Mongolia was formerly known as the National Museum of Mongolian History. The organization describes itself as “a cultural, scientific, and educational institution that is in charge of the acquisition, maintenance, and interpretation of the objects.
The National Museum of Mongolia has its roots in 1924, the year that the first national museum collections were started. The museum’s current structure was constructed in 1971 when it was first built as the Museum of Revolution. The National Museum of Mongolia has been the name of the institution since April 2008. Permanent gathering: The largest museum in the country, the National Museum of Mongolia, has about 57,000 artifacts on show in eleven exhibition rooms. These artifacts are related to Central Asian history as well as the history of Mongolia from prehistory until the end of the 20th century. Significant examples of traditional clothing from several Mongolian ethnic groups can be seen in one collection.
Prehistory, pre-Mongol Empire, Mongol Empire, Mongolia under Qing control, ethnography and traditional life, and twentieth-century history are all covered in the museum’s exhibitions. The anthropological collection includes notable examples of sniff bottles and numerous Mongolian ethnic groups’ traditional attire. Labels for most displays are available in both English and Mongolian. Each year, the museum releases one or more issues of its internal journal, which contains essays in both English and Russian as well as Mongolian.
Fine arts Zanabazar Musuem
In 1966, the Fine Arts Zanabazar Museum was founded as an art museum. It displays collections of 18th–20th century works by Mongolian masters of fine arts and collaborates with UNESCO to enhance the presentation of its holdings.
With a collection of more than 20,000 items spanning from the Lower Paleolithic to the early 20th century, the museum contains 12 exhibition halls. The museum has successfully carried out the UNESCO project “Development of Museums and Protection of Nomadic Cultural Heritage” since 2004. This project offers display and cartography, preservation and protection of treasures, and staff training. Collections of paintings, statues, thangkas, masks, and costumes are housed in the museum. Tsam masks and garments are shown in the museum’s exhibits. Marzan Sharav’s paintings from the 19th century can also be found at the museum.
Winter Palace of the Bogd Khan museum
The Bogd Khan Winter Palace is a museum complex. The eighth Jebtsundamba Khutughtu, who was eventually named Bogd Khan, or the monarch of Mongolia, lived at the Green Palace. It is regarded as having the largest collection in Mongolia and is the country’s oldest museum. From the Bogd Khan’s original four houses, only the palace remains.
The complex, which was constructed between 1893 and 1903, is one of the few historical sites in Mongolia to have escaped destruction at the hands of either Soviet or Communist forces. The Winter Palace, the Gate of Peace and Happiness, the Cooling Pavilion, and 6 temples, including Naidan Temple and Makhranz Temple, which each include Buddhist artwork, text, and thangka, make up the approximately 20-building palace complex. Over 40,000 people visit the museum each year and there are about 8,600 exhibits there. Many of the Bogd Khan’s belongings are on display, including his throne and bed, his collection of artwork and stuffed animals, his elaborate ceremonial ger, a pair of ceremonial boots that the Russian Tsar Nicholas II gave to the Khan, as well as a ceremonial sword. Many of the Bogd Khan’s belongings are on display, including his throne and bed, his collection of artwork and stuffed animals, his elaborate ceremonial ger, a pair of ceremonial boots that were a gift from Russian Tsar Nicholas II, and an elephant’s jewel-encrusted regalia. The Ministry of Education, Culture, Science, and Sports of Mongolia now oversees its operations.
Chinggis Khan National Museum
2019 saw the establishment of the Chinggis Khan National Museum according to a decree by Prime Minister U. Khurelsukh. From Modun Shanyu, the creator of the Hun Empire, the first nomadic state, to the start of the 20th century, the museum’s more than 10,000 original exhibits depict the activities of the kings and nobles of the Mongolian nations, the items they used and enjoyed, and significant historical events. Models, paintings, hand paintings, sculptures, blacksmithing, needlework, embroidery, and interactive and VR technology are displayed. There are 6 treasury rooms, a laboratory room, a restoration room, and 8 halls for both ongoing and one-time exhibits. Large and small conference rooms, a library, a reading room, a training room for museum educators, a coffee shop, and a museum are all present. There are both big and little conference rooms, a library, a reading room, a classroom for museum education, a coffee shop, and a gift shop. The “King’s Choir” ensemble, which uses vintage itinerant musical instruments, is another option. It can accommodate 450–500 visitors at a time and completely complies with the security standards and norms of contemporary world museums.