Mongolian traditional yurt or Ger is a portable round shaped dwelling used by nomads in the steppes of Mongolia. The structure consists of lattice walls, rafters, wheel crown, pillars to support the wheel crown, and door. All the structural parts are made from numerous types of wood, such as cedar, and larch. Covering the main structure wool felts take place to keep the warmth. Depending on the season and climate, the number of felt layers varies.
Ger has been used throughout Central Asia for thousands of years, and its structure changed in demand for efficiency, and comfort. Assembling and collapsing a Ger takes less than half an hour, however, it depends on a number of attendants. Ger itself requires only a few camel, or oxcart to transport and it enables nomads to migrate easily.
One of the notable performances of the Ger is in its round shape. Having no corner inside allows more space to furnish, and makes it more spacious than expected.
Ger is the most ecologically friendly dwelling that leaves no trace on the ground. The whole Ger is made out of only wood and animal husbandry products.
See do’s and don’ts in Mongolian Ger.